Nutritional deficiency is a situation in which the body lacks sufficient nutrients in order to function normally. Nutritional deficiencies can affect one or more bodily functions and vary greatly in severity. Low levels of certain nutrients can cause the body to react in an abnormal way. For example, calcium and phosphorus deficiency may be problematic for the structure of bones, nails and hair, and the availability of low protein values will affect the muscles and energy levels.
Types of nutritional deficiency
Low values of nutrients from an organism are influenced by the different developmental stages of the organism, in that it requires different values to different types of nutrients. Examples of this are: pregnancy, growth during adolescence and old age. Nutritional requirements change with age and depending on the circumstances and are affected by lifestyle, environmental changes (temperature) and diet.
There are five main categories of nutritional deficiency. Two of these are forms of undernutrition (more specifically at the level of protein energy malnutrition) marasmus and kwashiorkor are, and the remaining three are the most common form of deficiency of vitamins, minerals and proteins.
1. Marasmus -It is a form of malnutrition caused by a severe lack of protein and calories: symptoms include muscle wasting, immunosuppression, growth retardation, vomiting, decrease fat deposits and healing with weight of injuries. Basically the illness in children when they are intarcati too early and are fed with foods that do not have a recommended intake for their age of energy and nutrients.
2. Kwashiorkor -is another form of malnutrition caused by a severe deficiency of protein. Symptoms involve a slow growth, weight loss, delayed puberty, weakening of the immune system, lethargy and peripheral edema. In young children, the disorder develops when an infant is weaned too late and is fed with low protein food.
3. vitamin deficiency -refers to various forms of lack of vitamins. The most common are insufficient levels of vitamin B12, vitamin D and vitamin e. the symptoms vary in the seat is how stressed is the deficiency of vitamins at increased risk of illness (colds, flu), to hair damage, impaired vision, dental problems, the fragility of nails, skin conditions.
4. mineral deficiency -involve the diminished values of minerals. And in their case, the events vary in relation to the type of mineral is deficient and the degree of deficiency. The most commonly affected levels of zinc, iron and magnesium, which is not in optimum amounts in the body. Symptoms include skin conditions, blood sugar imbalances at the level of damage to the hair, gastrointestinal symptoms, bone and nails fragility.
5. protein deficiency -is extremely common and its severity can vary greatly. In this case you can manifest a variety of symptoms that range from low-power levels, the fragility of nails, fatigue, constipation, muscle wasting, weakness, hair loss and low blood pressure up to more serious symptoms such as problems of growth in children, fluid retention, skin rashes and poisoning (contamination) with heavy metals.
Most nutritional deficiencies can be resolved by performing a specific process and by changing the diet. In rare cases, pretty body cannot absorb a nutrient or nutrients and are caused by imbalances or dysfunction at its level, in some cases, they are so severe that hospitalization is required. Although the lack of nutrients is seen most often as a serious condition, however, daily, many people lose their lives because of this.
Specific nutritional deficiencies and symptoms
||The incidence of deficiency
||The most common symptoms and diseases|
|Biotin||RAR||Dermatitis, eye inflammation, hair loss, lessening the control muscles, insomnia, muscle weakness|
|Calcium||Most diets contain a percentage from 40 to 50% of the RDA (recommended daily dose)||Brittle nails (loose), cramps, delusions, depression, insomnia, irritability, osteoporosis, heart palpitations, dental problems, rickets|
|Chrome||90% of the deficit is caused by improper diet||Anxiety, fatigue, glucose intolerance, prediabet in adults|
|Copper||75% of the deficit is caused by inappropriate diet; most diets contain 50% of RDA *||Anemia, blood vessel fragility, depression, diarrhea, fatigue, hair loss, brittle bones, hyperthyroidism, weakness|
|Essential fatty acids||Very frequently||Diarrhea, skin and dry hair, hair loss, impaired immunity, infertility, wound healing difficulties, premenstrual syndrome, acne, eczema, litiazica cholecystitis, liver damage (degradation)|
|Folic acid||Most diets contain 60% of the RDA; the deficit has been met even at a rate of 100% for older people; 48% deficiency in female teen people; necessities doubles if a task||Anemia, apathy, diarrhea, fatigue, headache, insomnia, appetite, decreasing neural tube defects to fetus, paranoia, shortness of breath, weakness|
|Iodine||Rarely encountered in case there are diet foods that contain salt with iodine||Cretinism, hypothyroidism, fatigue, weight gain|
|Iron||The most common mineral deficiency||Anemia, brittle fingernails (brittle), confusion, constipation, depression, dizziness, fatigue, headaches, inflammation of the tongue, sores in the mouth|
|Magnesium||Write down the deficit up to 75 85% of diets: diet majoritaea offers between 50 and 60% of the RDA||Anxiety, confusion, heart attack, hyperactivity, insomnia, nervousness, irritability, agitation, muscle weakness|
|Manganese||That deficiency can be found especially in women-has not been analyzed sufficiently||Arteroscreloza, high cholesterol levels, glucose intolerance, decreased hearing, low level of muscles, tinnitus, dizziness|
|Niacin||Deficiency often encountered in older people||Bad breath, diarrhea, Dermatitis, confusion, emotional instability, fatigue, irritability, decreased appetite, memory disorders, muscle weakness, nausea, rashes and inflammations in the skin,-stomatitis|
|Pantothenic acid (B5)||Most older people diet contains 60% of the RDA||Abdominal pain, depression, eczema, fatigue, hair loss, insomnia, irritability, low blood pressure, muscle spasms, nausea, difficulty of coordination, decreased immunity|
|Potassium||Dearth met frequently in people aged||Acne, depression, edema, excessive thirst, fatigue, glucose intolerance, high levels of cholesterol, insomnia, muscle weakness, nervousness, diminishing reflexes, mental disorders|
|Pyridoxine (B6)||71% men and 90% of women suffer from this deficiency due to inadequate diet||Acne, anemia, arthritis, eye inflammation, fatigue, difficulty in wound healing, decreased appetite, hair loss, irritability, lezuni in the mouth, nausea, oily skin|
|Riboflavin||Deficit to 30% met older people||Blurred vision, cataracts, depression, Dermatitis, nausea, hair loss, eye inflammations, anxiety, neurological symptoms (lessening the sensations, feeling of numbness, electrosoc), tremors, sensitivity to light, drowsiness, weakness|
|Selenium||Most diets can provide 50% (contain) of the RDA||Growth disorders, high cholesterol levels, increasing the chances of developing cancer, pancreatic insufficiency (difficulty to secrete adequate amount of digestive enzymes), damage to liver function, male sterility|
|Thiamine||Dearth met frequently in people aged||Confusion, constipation, digestive problems, irritability, decreased appetite, memory loss, nervousness, loss of senzatiior at the level of the hands and feet, increased sensitivity to pain, coordination problems, weakness|
|Vitamin A||20% of the deficit is caused by improper diet||Acne, dry hair, fatigue, growth disorders, insomnia, hiperkeratoza (asprirea and thickening of the skin), weakening of the immune system, difficult at night, dropping weight|
|Vitamin B 12||Serum levels of 25% of scat hospitalized||Anemia, constipation, depression, dizziness, fatigue, gastrointestinal disorders, irritability, headache, gastrointestinal disorders, headache, irritability, decreased stomach acidity, mental disorders, depression, injuries to the mouth numbing, spine degeneration|
|Vitamin C||From 20 up to 50% of the deficit is caused by improper diet||Gum bleeding, depression, healing of wounds with difficulty, easy bruising of the skin, irritability, sore joints, teeth loss, fatigue, iritabiliate.|
|Vitamin D||62% of older women suffer from this deficiency due to inadequate diets||Burning sensation in the mouth, diarrhea, insomnia, myopia, nervousness, osteomalacia, osteoporosis, strambarea feet, sweat in the scalp.|
|Vitamin E||23% of men and 15% of women suffer from this deficiency due to inadequate diets||Difficulty walking, diminishing reflexes, loss of skin sensitivity, shortening the life span of red cells|
|Vitamin K||The deficit is especially to expectant mothers and newborns||Clotting disorders|
|Zinc||68% of the deficit is caused by improper diet||Acne, amnesia, apathy, loose nails, delayed sexual maturity, depression, diarrhea, eczema, fatigue, impaired growth, hair loss, high cholesterol levels, decreased immunity, impotence, irritability, lethargy, loss of appetite, loss of taste, infertility in men, memory disorders, low stomach acid, lack of vision at night, paranoia, the appearance of white spots on nails, healing of wounds with difficulty|